Obesity in America is an epidemic that has caused much suffering to individuals as we have seen the rates significantly increase over the past two decades. Many of the factors pertaining to the causes are due majority to poor choices; however because of factors beyond the control of low income urban communities, like food oppression, food insecurity and lack of government oversight due to capitalistic gains, many situations are of people being victims of their environment.
In June of last year the American Medical Association declared obesity a disease which opens the door for new profits on drugs like Belviq and medical pharmaceutical companies. Instead of focusing on low-cost lifestyle changes that address the root cause, of obesity, this decision only aims to help benefit big business and drug companies who can now receive federal aid while continuing to ensure people are oppressed in food desserts with limited access to healthy food choices.
The research studies chosen for this literature review focused on the factors that limit or reduce the opportunities for low income communities to have access to nutritional food choices.
The perception is that although federal aid is available however marketing strategies and low costs for unhealthy items make it difficult to make smart decisions.
I wanted to also highlight the disparity between low-income, urban communities in comparison to upper income wealthy ones. The main databases were employed to search for relevant research studies. In selecting literature to review, the author attempted to review research that was relatively current and no older than 10 years. Thus, the range of dates for the research studies was between and , with the majority of studies chosen from to I have included in this literary review my three main sources for data and information although I have included many other research elements throughout my research paper.
The keywords used in searching these databases and websites were: This initial search yielded a total of twenty six articles in the Ashford Online Library. After including additional keywords fast food earnings, food oppression, food insecurity, minorities and low income paired with initial keywords and searching the reference lists of those articles already found, an additional search yielded a plethora of articles to choose from , some of which were actual research studies and others that were descriptive articles or summaries.
The three articles in this review are the ones I found most. The research used to support my arguments employed qualitative methods for obtaining data which was supported by statistical information, professional and educational sources and articles from scholarly sources Freeman, A. Findings of the review: Written by Andrea Freeman entitled Fast Food: Oppression is another article that was used to supports my main argument.
The author talks about how fast food has become a major source of nutrition in low income, urban neighborhoods. Freeman goes even further into this point describing how the popularity is mainly due to the fast food industry targeting this specific market, infiltrating schools, government subsidies and the federal food policy, which are all key factors in denying inner cities access to healthy food choices. The author describes this as food oppression. Food oppression is structured and targeted from institutionalized practices and policies of government and the fast food industry.
Freeman offers solutions to this issue starting with reforms at the federal. She also calls on local community organizations to get involved and create awareness. Her main goal is to emphasize that food oppression is a form of institutionalized inequality that government and private organizations hide behind because of the appearance of choice and free will, which must be addressed and eradicated.
Written by Adler and Stewart entitled, Reducing Obesity: The authors look at how both the individual and the industry play a role in the obesity epidemic. Instead of just blaming people for bad choices they look at what factors surrounded that choice. For example, did they have access to nutritional items, are there recreational services available in the area, or the current job market. The author also goes into the point that obesity is more prevalent in socially disadvantaged groups of people.
Specifically lower income and those individuals with lesser education. This article will help me defend my argument because you can tie in the fact that the obesity is targeted and structured in poorer urban areas. But I think we need to do more than just change the kind of oil the French fries are fried in. Maybe we should get rid of French fries all together, and replace them with a healthier alternative, like sweet potato fries.
Another problem with fast-food restaurants, is their prices. But there are people who continually eat at these places, and that is when it begins to get unhealthy. So maybe if our unhealthy fast-food places raise their prices, and our healthy ones lower theirs just a little, people may choose to go to the healthier places instead.
Many Americans have many things to stress over in their lives, including money, family, health, and their homes. All of these contribute and cause lots of stress, which can lead to be overweight. So how do we fix this problem?
If we set aside a certain amount of time each day to just relax and unwind, then the number on the scale would start decreasing. We need to find ways to eliminate stress in our life. Finally, lack of exercise. This is a huge reason for American obesity. We have simply become lazy.
One of our new favorite pastimes is sitting in front of the television. Our youth love to play the new, high-tech, exciting video games, and although there are some game systems, such as the Wii or Kinect, that get the players up and moving, it is absolutely not enough exercise to keep us healthy.
We, as a country, need to become more active. Spend some time outside, get out and enjoy nature and all of the outside activities available where you live.
Parents need to take more responsibility as well. They need to regulate how much time their children spend watching TV and playing video games and help their kids find outside activities they can enjoy.
Find things to do as a family, so that everyone can get involved.
Because of America’s obesity problems, Surgeon General David Satcher issued a report saying; "The Surgeon General's Call to Action to Prevent and Decrease Overweight," said that obesity "have reached epidemic proportions" in America.
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